How can musicians protect themselves against copyright claims?

The rise in copyright lawsuits is hitting the music industry hard, with some artists and songwriters spending large sums of money protecting themselves with insurance policies. The recent Ed Sheeran copyright case over his song “Shape of You” has been the latest to hit the headlines, raising the issue of how you can protect yourself against copyright claims.

Background

Ed Sheeran copyrightEd Sheeran recently won a high-profile copyright case in the High Court, with the judge ruling that his song “Shape of You” was not copied from an earlier track by grime artist Sami Switch. Whilst there were similarities between the hooks of each song, the judge decided that Sheeran “neither deliberately nor subconsciously” copied the hook of the earlier track when writing “Shape of You”.

But perhaps more interesting than the case itself are Sheeran’s comments after the verdict, through which he explained how he now protects himself against potential future claims.

Previous settlement for “Photograph”

In 2017, Sheeran faced a similar copyright case relating to his song “Photograph” in the US. In this case, a claim for $20m was made against Ed Sheeran for copyright infringement, with Sheeran opting to settle out of court.

During the more recent court case, the judge addressed claims that Mr Sheeran had copied tracks in the past, stating in his judgment that paying out for copyright claims ahead of the legal process is not an admission of having copied.

However, despite this, Sheeran has recently indicated that he now regrets settling the earlier case, suggesting that had opened the floodgates for further claims against him and that he didn’t believe he had infringed any copyright. He said he had no choice but to defend “Shape of You” in court in order to prevent future claims.

Protection against future claims

Moving forward, Sheeran also stated that he now films all of his song-writing sessions to prove that he has not copied earlier works. Sheeran added that he has received claims of copyright infringement reach him and he has simply sent the claimant footage of the relevant song-writing session and the claim has immediately ended as a result.

In order to infringe copyright, the claimant should be able to demonstrate that copying or adaptation of their work has occurred, and it is not just a coincidental similarity. If an artist can use video footage to prove that they wrote a song independently without any reference to any other work, then they will essentially be able to show that they have created an original work, and ultimately that copying has taken place.

Copying is an integral part of copyright infringement; there can be no copyright infringement if there is no direct or indirect copying. Sheeran’s case is proof that just because two works are similar does not necessarily mean that copyright infringement has occurred.

Get in touch

Being accused of having exploited IP belonging to someone else is a serious issue. At Serjeants, we handle all IP disputes involving infringement of patents, trade marks, designs (registered and unregistered) and copyright.

Please call us on +44 (0) 116 233 2626 or send an enquiry here for further advice.